Why was capital of India shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?

Delhi was inaugurated as the capital of India 86 years ago. The British government believed that ruling India from Delhi was easier and more convenient than from Calcutta. Four million British pounds was the cost of shifting the entire administration from Calcutta to Delhi.

Why was the capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi?

Why was India’s capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi? … The capital was shifted from Calcutta as Delhi was the financial and political seat of many earlier empires and was located closer to the geographical center of India. The rising nationalist movement in Calcutta was also responsible for the shift.

How did Delhi became the capital of India?

New Delhi, national capital of India. … In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km) south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.

Why did the British choose Calcutta?

In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. The site was carefully selected, being protected by the Hooghly River on the west, a creek to the north, and by salt lakes about two and a half miles to the east.

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Is Delhi a state or union territory 2020?

Out of total eight union territories in India, three U.T. i.e., Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, and Puducherry, have their elected assembly, as these are granted with partial statehood, by an amendment to the Constitution.

Why is Delhi called Delhi?

According to legend, the city was named for Raja Dhilu, a king who reigned in the region in the 1st century bce. The names by which the city has been known—including Delhi, Dehli, Dilli, and Dhilli, among others—likely are corruptions of his name.

Chants of India