Which is the first British fort in India?

George (or historically, White Town) is the first English (later British) fortress in India, founded in 1639 at the coastal city of Madras, the modern city of Chennai.

Which is the first English fort in India?

Madras was founded in 1639 by the British East India Company and was the first important English settlement in India. The fort was constructed on the seafront in the early 1640s as a trading post and base for European residents, and became the Company’s headquarters on the Coromandel Coast in 1641.

What is the old name of St George fort?

Answer: Madras was the shortened name of the fishing village Madraspatnam, where the British East India Company built a fort and factory (trading post) in 1639–40. At that time, the weaving of cotton fabrics was a local industry, and the English invited the weavers and native merchants to settle near the fort.

Why did the British built forts in India?

It was built to protect English trade activities and property from attacks by the local chieftain, Korangoth Nair, and certain factions of the ruling Kolathiri family. Thalassery, or Tellicherry as it was called back then, was an important trading centre for spices, timber and hill products.

When did the French came to India?

The French settlement in India began in 1673 with the purchase of land at Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal. The next year they acquired Pondicherry from the Sultan of Bijapur. Both became the centres of maritime commercial activities of the French in India.

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