Even as it prepares to host a global conference on rising desertification, India faces a growing crisis of land degradation: Nearly 30% of its land area, as much as the area of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra put together, has been degraded through deforestation, over-cultivation, soil erosion and depletion …
How is land being degraded?
Land degradation is caused by multiple forces, including extreme weather conditions, particularly drought. It is also caused by human activities that pollute or degrade the quality of soils and land utility. … Desertification is a form of land degradation by which fertile land becomes desert.
What causes land degradation in India?
The main causes of the land degradation includes climate change, land clearance and deforestation, depletion of soil nutrients through poor farming practices, overgrazing and over grafting. In India, water erosion is the most prominent reason of land degradation.
What is the land degradation in India?
Land degradation affects about 30 per cent of all land in India. Climate change is one of the main drivers of land degradation in India. Projections suggest that, under a carbon intensive scenario, India will lose US$1,177.8 billion ($1,730 billion) by 2050 as a result of climate change.
How much land in India is degraded explain?
Answer: Explanation: The total cultivable land in india is about 144 million hectares out of which 56% ie (80.6million hectares) was degraded due to wrong agricultural practices.
What are the problems of land?
- declining agricultural productivity.
- reduced renewable resource base (deforestation, lost soil fertility)
- erosion and siltation.
- amenity losses.
- loss of natural habitat and species.
What are the 5 causes of land degradation?
Nine Main Causes of Land Degradation are as follows:
- Excessive Use of Fertilizers and Pesticides:
- Soil erosion:
What are the five causes of land degradation?
The major causes of land degradation include, land clearance poor farming practices, overgrazing, inappropriate irrigation, urban sprawl, and commercial development, land pollution including industrial waste and quarrying of stone, sand and minerals.
How can we solve the problem of land degradation?
- Proper management & grazing land.
- Planting of shelter belts in desert areas.
- Control of overgrazing.
- Stabilization of sand dunes by growing theory bushes.
- Proper management of waste lands.
- Control on mining activities.
What is land degradation short answer?
Land degradation is defined as the temporary or permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land, and the diminution of the productive potential, including its major land uses (e.g., rain-fed arable, irrigation, forests), its farming systems (e.g., smallholder subsistence), and its value as an economic resource …
What are the three types of soil degradation?
The type of soil degradation refers to the nature of the degradation process (displacement of soil material by water and wind; in-situ deterioration by physical, chemical and biological processes).