William McIntosh was a controversial chief of the Lower Creeks in early-nineteenth-century Georgia. … His participation in the drafting and signing of the Treaty of Indian Springs of 1825 led to his execution by a contingent of Upper Creeks led by Chief Menawa.
How William McIntosh led to the removal of the Creek Indians?
Because McIntosh led a group that negotiated and signed a treaty in 1825 to cede much of remaining Creek lands to the United States in violation of Creek law, for the first time the Creek National Council ordered that a Creek be executed for crimes against the Nation. It sentenced him and other signatories to death.
Where was William McIntosh killed?
What influenced William McIntosh?
Though raised among the creeks, he spoke fluent English and was related by blood or marriage to several prominent Georgians—including governors George Troup and David Mitchell—strengthening his loyalty to the United States.
Which Native American tribe was the most affected by the Indian Removal Act?
They were forced to assimilate and concede to US law or leave their homelands. The Indian Nations themselves were force to move and ended up in Oklahoma. The five major tribes affected were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole.
How much money did they bribe McIntosh with for this land?
McIntosh, along with six other Creek chiefs, agreed to sell the remainder of Creek land in Georgia, without the tribe’s consent, for $200,000.
What did the Treaty of Indian Springs say?
The First Treaty of Indian Springs, or more formally the Treaty with the Creeks, 1821, entailed the Creeks ceding their remaining land east of the Flint River in Georgia to the United States. The treaty made the Creek National Council even more determined to cede no more land.
How did the Cherokee react to the Indian Removal Act?
From 1817 to 1827, the Cherokees effectively resisted ceding their full territory by creating a new form of tribal government based on the United States government. In response, the Cherokees took legal action to try to save their lands. … In their second Supreme Court case, Worcester v.