What is an Indian midden?

A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, potsherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.

What are middens and burns?

Shell middens are the remains of meals of shellfish once gathered and eaten by Aboriginal people. … Shellfish were also eaten raw, but the presence of burnt shell indicates they were just as frequently cooked in hot coals.

What are midden piles?

A midden is an archaeological term for a pile of trash left by humans long gone, and oyster middens are some of the oldest and largest piles of intact garbage dating from after the late ice age.

What is the midden in the Devil’s Arithmetic?

In The Devil’s Arithmetic, “midden” means the garbage dump.

Are there Indian burial grounds in Florida?

At Lake Jackson Mounds Archaeological State Park, the entire complex was composed of seven earthen temple mounds that were part of the village and trading area. The remains of important tribal members and high-status burials have been found at the site. …

What did Native Americans use conch shells for?

They would carve shells into beautiful beads and pendants. Jewelry was not just for everyday use but was also important for ceremonies and in burial practices. Shells were such a hot commodity that they were even traded hundreds of miles north to Native American groups in the Ohio River Valley area.

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Why are middens important?

Why are middens important? Freshwater shell middens provide valuable information about past Aboriginal economy and land use. They are one of the few sources of information about Aboriginal use of lakes, rivers and swamps. Although mussel shells are fragile, they often survive longer than animal bones and plant remains.

What were middens most likely used for?

A midden may be a regularly used animal toilet area or dunghill, created by many mammals, such as the hyrax, and also serving as a territorial marker. Some animals, including some species of fishes, collect foodstuffs with heavy shells that are hard to remove.

Where are middens located?

Middens are shell mounds built up over hundreds and often thousands of years as a result of countless meals of shellfish. They are found along ocean coasts, estuaries, rivers and inland lakes, and primarily contain mature specimens of edible shellfish species.

What are shell mounds made of?

Shell mound, also called Kitchen Midden, in anthropology, prehistoric refuse heap, or mound, consisting chiefly of the shells of edible mollusks intermingled with evidence of human occupancy.

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