Minority rights in India protect people from being discriminated against on grounds of their ethnic cultural, linguistic or religious identity. Individuals belonging to minorities must be able to learn and use their language, use their own names, preserve and freely express their identity.
What are the rights of the minority?
Minority rights cover protection of existence, protection from discrimination and persecution, protection and promotion of identity, and participation in political life.
Who grants minority status in India?
THE SUPREME Court on Tuesday issued notice on a plea urging it to transfer to itself petitions pending before High Courts challenging the constitutional validity of Section 2(c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992, which empowers the Centre to declare a group as minority.
What is religious minority India?
100% There are six religions in India which have been awarded “National minority” status—Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians (Parsis).
Where do minority rights come from?
Minority rights derive from basic international law on human rights, as well as specific treaties and declarations on minority rights, notably the UN Declaration on the Rights of All Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Minorities (UNDM).
What is Article 29 and 30?
Article 29 mandates that no discrimination would be done on the ground of religion, race, caste, language or any of them. Article 30 mandates that all minorities, whether based on religion or language, shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
What is minority act?
The National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. Long Title: An Act to constitute a National Commission for Minorities and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Ministry: Ministry of Minority Affairs.
How does the government protect minority rights?
The First Amendment gives all citizens basic rights. It is through these rights that the minority stays protected. The right to free speech and the right to assemble allow the minority to be heard, which gives them the opportunity to grow and become the majority.
What are minority issues?
Minorities often face discrimination and exclusion, and they struggle to gain access to their human rights, even under conditions of full and unquestioned citizenship. Denying or stripping them of citizenship can be an effective method of compounding their vulnerability, and can even lead to mass expulsion.
Is Article 31 a fundamental right?
Article 31 provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law.” It also provided that compensation would be paid to a person whose property has been taken for public purposes. … The 44th Amendment of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of fundamental rights.
What is the Article 46?
Article 46 “The State shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and, in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the Sche- duled Tribes, and shall protect them from social injustice and all forms of exploitation.”
What is the Article 29?
Article 29 of the Indian Constitution
– (1) Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same.
What is the courts opinion on minority rights?
Sidharjbhai (1963), a six-judge bench of the Supreme Court observed that every government regulation in respect of a minority institution shall be valid only when it satisfies the dual test, i.e., it is regulative and not destructive of the organisation’s minority character and it makes the minority institution an …