In India, organ donations are legal under the Transplantation of Human Organs Act (THOA), 1994, that also legalises the concept of ‘brain death’, a permanent cessation of all brain functions. In brain death, a person cannot sustain life, but vital body functions can be maintained in an ICU.
What are the rules of organ donation?
Just about anyone, at any age, can become an organ donor. Anyone younger than age18 needs to have the consent of a parent or guardian. For organ donation after death, a medical assessment will be done to determine what organs can be donated.
Can family override organ donation in India?
Unlike in many western countries, where an adult is asked to make a choice if he she wants to be a donor, in India, the choice is left to the family. After a person carrying a donor card dies, the family still needs to approve the donation of organs.
How does organ donation work in India?
The living donor’s organs are retrieved surgically by doctors. They will be stored in special chemical solutions briefly until they are transplanted into the recipient. The living donor will need to remain under medical care for a few days or weeks after organ retrieval until she/he is fit to go home.
What is the most donated organ?
In the United States, the most commonly transplanted organs are the kidney, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas and intestines.
What is punishment for removal of human organs without authority?
(1) Any person who renders his services to or at any hospital and who, for purposes of transplantation, conducts, associates with, or helps in any manner in, the removal of any human organ without authority, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years and with fine which may extend …
What is the punishment for illegal organ trade?
When these rackets are busted, the law penalises the organ donor as well as the others involved. The law allows for the donor to be arrested for the offence that attracts between five and 10 years in jail and a fine of between Rs 20 lakh and Rs one crore.
What is age limit for donating organs?
Answer: There are no cutoff ages for donating organs. Organs have been successfully transplanted from newborns and people older than 80. It is possible to donate a kidney, heart, liver, lung, pancreas, cornea, skin, bone, bone marrow and intestines.
Can I donate my heart while still alive in India?
There are two ways to donate organs – by pledging for organ donation when a person is alive or by consent of family after death. After a person has pledged to donate, the most important thing that he/she must do is to discuss the decision with your family.
What is the most needed organ for transplant?
The two organs that are needed most frequently are kidneys and livers. About 83 percent of the people on the national transplant waiting list are waiting for kidney transplants and about 12 percent are waiting for liver transplants according to the United States Department of Health and Human Services.
Which organ can not be transplanted?
If the whole heart cannot be transplanted, heart valves can still be donated.
Which is the most difficult transplant operation?
Of all the organs transplanted the lungs are the most difficult.