How can we prevent malnutrition?
The best way to prevent malnutrition is to eat a healthy, balanced diet.
- plenty of fruit and vegetables.
- plenty of starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes, pasta.
- some milk and dairy foods or non-dairy alternatives.
- some sources of protein, such as meat, fish, eggs and beans.
How can we prevent childhood malnutrition?
Interventions such as balanced protein energy supplementation and MMN supplementations during pregnancy, promotion of exclusive breast-feeding, appropriate complementary food, and preventive strategies for infection, correction of micronutrient deficiencies and hygienic water and food condition can help prevent …
What is the main treatment for malnutrition?
Treatment may involve: dietary changes, such as eating foods high in energy and nutrients. support for families to help them manage factors affecting the child’s nutritional intake. treatment for any underlying medical conditions causing malnutrition.
What is the main cause of malnutrition?
Malnutrition (undernutrition) is caused by a lack of nutrients, either as a result of a poor diet or problems absorbing nutrients from food.
What are the main nutritional problems in India?
The common nutritional deficiencies in India are Protein energy malnutrition (PEM), anaemia, iodine deficiency disorder, Vitamin A deficiency and vitamin D deficiency.
What foods are good for malnutrition?
- Eat ‘little and often’ – 3 small meals a day with 2-3 snacks in-between meals.
- Include protein at each meal such as meat, fish, chicken, eggs, beans or lentils.
- Avoid low fat, sugar-free, diet foods and drinks for example skimmed milk.
What is the best vitamin for malnutrition?
Niacin (vitamin B-3) deficiency
Niacin is another mineral that helps the body convert food into energy. It’s also known as vitamin B-3.
What are the signs of malnutrition in a child?
Symptoms of malnutrition in a child can include:
- not growing or putting on weight at the expected rate (faltering growth)
- changes in behaviour, such as being unusually irritable, slow or anxious.
- low energy levels and tiring more easily than other children.
What are effects of malnutrition?
The consequences of prolonged malnutrition are sequentially altered cellular metabolism, impaired function, and finally, loss of body tissues (2). Clinically, malnutrition is often associated with muscular dysfunction and weakness and altered immunity resulting in an increased risk of infection (3–5).
What are the 2 types of malnutrition?
Definition of malnutrition
Malnutrition is often split into two broad groups of conditions: undernutrition, including stunting, wasting, underweight and micronutrient deficiencies. overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases.
What is the name of the tool used to detect malnutrition?
‘MUST’ is a five-step screening tool to identify adults, who are malnourished, at risk of malnutrition (undernutrition), or obese. It also includes management guidelines which can be used to develop a care plan. It is for use in hospitals, community and other care settings and can be used by all care workers.