In India, maize is principally grown in two seasons, rainy (kharif) and winter (rabi). Kharif maize represents around 83% of maize area in India, while rabi maize correspond to 17% maize area. Over 70% of kharif maize area is grown under rainfed condition with prevalence of many biotic and abiotic stresses.
How do you grow maize crops?
Maize is sown in rows, 60-75 cm apart, whereas the plants in the row are spaced at 20 to 25 cm. A population of 60-75 thousand plants per hectare at harvest are required for obtaining the optimum yield. Sowing in rows is generally done with drill or by dropping the seed behind the plough.
Which production was first in India?
India ranks first in production of Papaya. 51.
Is India self sufficient in food?
Since Independence, India’s foodgrain production has registered an over a five-fold increase, with a seen record at 292 million tonnes in 2019-2020. The country has largely achieved self-sufficiency as over the past 70 years it has transformed itself from a ‘ship-to-mouth’ status to an exporter.
Which soil is best for maize?
Maize can be grown successfully in variety of soils ranging from loamy sand to clay loam. However, soils with good organic matter content having high water holding capacity with neutral pH are considered good for higher productivity.
Which is the largest producer of maize?
The World’s 6 Biggest Corn Producers
- United States. The U.S. is by far the world’s largest producer and exporter of corn, with production in the 2019–2020 season pegged at 346.0 million metric tons. …
- China. …
- Brazil. …
- Argentina. …
- Ukraine. …
Is maize a cash crop?
In Bihar’s Seemanchal, maize and fox nut (locally known as Makhana) have replaced paddy and jute as cash crops and resulted in better income for farmers.
In which season maize is grown?
In India, maize is traditionally grown in monsoon (Kharif) season, which is accompanied by high temperature (<35° C) and rainfall. However, with the development of new cultivars and appropriate production technology, winter cultivation of maize has emerged as a viable alternative.
What is the duration of maize crop?
Cultivated throughout the state under irrigated conditions kharif, spring and summer season. It is medium tall plant with medium thick stem and resistant to lodging. Matures in 95 days.
Is maize A Zaid crop?
Agricultural crops which are grown in the short duration between Rabi and Kharif crop season, mainly from March to June, are called Zaid crops.
|Water requirement (mm)||500-600|
|Water requirement (mm)||290-315|
What is difference between maize and corn?
Corn and maize are both terms that reference the same cereal grain. Corn is primarily used in the North American english vernacular, whereas maize is used in the British english vernacular. … Maize is rarely used in reference to food products that are made from maize grains, while corn is frequently used for food items.
What is the largest crop in the world?
The largest crop in the world in 2019 was sugarcane from Brazil followed by sugarcane from India and corn from the United States. Brazil produced more than 750 million metric tons of sugarcane in 2019. China produced five of the ten largest crops in the world in 2019.