The Silk Road and Indian Ocean trading routes were similar in that they both served the purpose of moving luxury goods from East Asia to the markets of the Mediterranean and Europe via the Middle East. Both routes specialized in luxury goods, namely silk, porcelain, and spices.
Did the Indian Ocean trade luxury goods?
The Indian Ocean became the largest sea-based trade network in this time frame. I know we tend to think of the Silk Roads and luxury items being sold when we picture trade routes. However, the bulk of actual trade happened on the Indian Ocean. The Indian Ocean traded “regular goods”, in bulk and at a lower cost.
What goods were traded in the Indian Ocean?
These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
Why was the Indian Ocean trade so successful?
Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.
How did Islam affect Indian Ocean trade?
During the Muslim period, in which the Muslims had dominated the trade across the Indian Ocean, the Gujaratis were bringing spices from the Moluccas as well as silk from China, in exchange for manufactured items such as textiles, and then selling them to the Egyptians and Arabs.
What caused the Indian Ocean trade?
One of the reasons Indian Ocean trade took off is that there were a wide range of resources available and a wide range of import needs — from ivory to timber to books to grain. But the most important thing was the wind. The Indian Ocean is home to a set of very special winds called Monsoons.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.
Why is the Indian Ocean so important?
The Indian Ocean has emerged as a critical conduit for trade, commerce, and energy. The waters of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) have become a home for economic developments, disputes, conflicts, and competition for regional influence by regional and extraregional powers.
What were some negative effects of the Indian Ocean trade?
1. The coming of the Portuguese led to the introduction of new companies with corrupt officials who were only interested in benefitting themselves. 2. The constant resistance between the coastal city states and the Portuguese destabilised the trade.
Why were the Portuguese able to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean?
11. Why were the Portuguese able to establish fortified bases in the Indian Ocean region so quickly and easily? their ships could outgun and outmaneuver competing naval forces, while their onboard cannons could devastate coastal fortifications. … List some ways the Portuguese tried to dominate Indian Ocean trade.
What animals were traded on the Indian Ocean trade route?
Early Indian Ocean trade routes bring chicken, black rat to eastern Africa.