The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of rice, wheat, sugarcane and oilseeds, such as soybeans. Farming makes up about 15% of India’s $2.5 trillion economy but employs more than half of its 1.3 billion people.
Why are monsoons important to India?
Why is it so important to have normal rains? The monsoon is critical for agriculture in the country since nearly 60% of India’s net arable land lacks irrigation. The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of several grains and pulses, including rice, wheat, and sugarcane.
What are monsoons and why are they important?
Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia.
What is the importance of monsoon in Indian economy?
The South-West monsoon is considered vital for the cultivation of Kharif crops, which are heavily dependent on rain as the quantity of rainfall determines the production numbers in the case of these crops.
Why is monsoon important to Indian agriculture?
In India, Monsoon refers to the rainy season. The humid south-west monsoon winds causes plenty of rainfall during the period between early June and October. … High temperature and heavy rainfall in the summer months are important for the growth of different types of kharif crops in different parts of India.
What are the advantages of monsoons?
- Monsoon rains give a good beneficiary for the farmers and agriculture.
- The rainfall helps in storing water for irrigation, electric power and drinking.
- A proper usage of monsoon leads to the prosperity for agriculture and everyone.
- Specific crops-rice and tea-depend only on monsoon rainfall.
What is the impact of monsoon in India?
Over half of India’s population works in agriculture, and monsoon rains directly affect their incomes and livelihood. Agriculture adds up to more than 15% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which means that when crops fail because of too little rain, the economy suffers.
Why are monsoons important to our country?
The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of rice, wheat, sugarcane and oilseeds, such as soybeans. … Monsoon rains replenish reservoirs and groundwater, allowing better irrigation and more hydropower output.
Why are monsoons important to farmers?
An off-balance monsoon season spells doom for the agricultural sector in India. While more than normal rain floods the kharif farms and results in serious crop damage or loss, it helps the rabi season by ensuring the reservoirs have enough water.
How many monsoons do we have?
Answer: India actually has two monsoons –- the southwest monsoon and the northeast monsoon. The southwest monsoon, which is the main monsoon, comes in from the sea and starts making its way up India’s west coast in early June.
What is the main characteristics of Indian climate?
The climate of India is characterised by the complete reversal of the wind system with the change of seasons. During the winter season, the winds generally blow from northeast to southwest (land to sea), while in summer season the winds blow from southwest to northeast (sea to land).
How does India benefit from its location?
The location of India has helped in the development of trade and commerce. … Today, India provides a link between the East and the West world. Its central position between the two worlds has helped the development of its own industries and trade.
Which winds bring rainfall in India Why is it so important?
The south-west monsoon winds bring rainfall in India. It is important, because agriculture in India is dependent on the rainfall.