Proposed by Lord Lytton, then viceroy of India (governed 1876–80), the act was intended to prevent the vernacular press from expressing criticism of British policies—notably, the opposition that had grown with the outset of the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–80). The act excluded English-language publications.
Who granted freedom of press in 1835?
reformer grew, the Indian language newspapers began to flourish (Karkhanis, 1981:35). The new Governor General Lord Metcalf, the successor of Bentink came to power in 1835. Like Bentink, he was a liberal and held strong views in favour of freedom of the press.
When was the Indian Press Act passed?
In 1867, an act for the regulation of printing presses and newspapers, for the preservation of copies of books printed in British India and for the regulation of these was passed to replace the Metcalfe Act XI of 1835.
Who started press regulation in India?
One of the most stringent regulations on the freedom of the press in India was the Vernacular Press Act of 1878. Introduced by then Viceroy, Lord Lytton, this act provided the government with extensive rights to censor reports and editorials in the vernacular press.
Who abolished censorship of press act?
This act was abolished by Charles Metcalf (Governor-General of India 1835-36). This act was enacted by Sir Charles Metcalfe in 1835.
Who banned press in India?
It elicited strong and sustained protests from a wide spectrum of the Indian populace. The law was repealed in 1881 by Lytton’s successor as viceroy, Lord Ripon (governed 1880–84).
Who is the father of Indian journalism?
James Augustus Hicky was an Irishman who launched the first printed newspaper in India, Hicky’s Bengal Gazette.
|James Augustus Hicky|
Who passed the Vernacular Press Act when and why was it passed?
The Act was proposed by Lord Lytton, then Viceroy of India, and was unanimously passed by the Viceroy’s Council on 14 March 1878. The act excluded English-language publications as it was meant to control seditious writing in ‘publications in Oriental languages’ everywhere in the country, except for the South.
Which act is known as gagging act?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Gagging Acts was the common name for two acts of Parliament passed in 1817. They were also known as the Grenville and Pitt Bills. The specific acts themselves were the Treason Act 1817 and the Seditious Meetings Act 1817. [
When was Indian Press Act 1910 repealed?
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was tried on charges of sedition and transported to Mandalay (Burma) for six years. Later, the Indian Press Act 1910 was repealed by Lord Reading (1921-1926).
Who is the first journalist?
It’s none other than Narada, the peripatetic sage and storyteller. The RSS cadre in Punjab held a series of seminars on the ‘Role of media in modern India’, to introduce Narada as the first-ever journalist of the world.