What is the language policy adopted by the Government of India?
The Central Government responded by agreeing to continue the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes. Promotion of Hindi continues to be the official policy of the Government of India. Promotion does not mean that the Central Government can impose Hindi on States where people speak a different language.
What is the language policy of India after independence?
The Indian constitution, in 1950, declared Hindi in Devanagari script to be the official language of the union. Unless Parliament decided otherwise, the use of English for official purposes was to cease 15 years after the constitution came into effect, i.e., on 26 January 1965.
What was language policy of India after independence Class 10?
(ii) Language Policy : The Indian Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one of the languages. Though Hindi was identified as the optional language, but the central government has not imposed Hindi on states where people speak a different language.
What has been the language policy of India after independence explain in 5 points?
Language policy of India:Our Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one language. Hindi was identified as the official language. … Therefore, there were many safeguards to protect other languages. Besides Hindi, there are 21 other languages recognised as Scheduled Languages by the Constitution.
What safeguards have been taken to protect other languages?
A candidate in an examination conducted for the central government positions may take the examination in any of the languages. States also have their own official languages, and most of the government work takes place in the official language of the concerned state.
What are the four characteristics of language policy of India?
Hindi is an official language but 21 other languages are recognised as scheduled languages in the Indian Constitution. 2. Every state is free to promote its language and culture. Any candidate sitting for an exam of Central Government can write in any of the prescribed languages.
Which is the oldest language in the world?
Seven oldest surviving languages in the world.
- Tamil: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 300 BC. …
- Sanskrit: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 2000 BC. …
- Greek: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 1500 BC. …
- Chinese: Origin (according to first appearance as script) – 1250 BC.
Which language is used in Parliament?
1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devnagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.
What are the five key features of federalism?
There are two or more levels of government. Different levels of government govern the same citizens, where each level has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration. Existence and authority of each level of government is constitutionally governed.
How federalism in India is made a success?
The most important tests for the success of Federalism were the creation of Linguistic States, Language Policy and Centre- State Relations. Under the State Reorganization Commission in 1956, the states were created on the basis of language.
What is the status of Hindi in India?
Hindi is an Official language of India, but not a national language as stated by the Constitution of India. According to the Article 343 of Indian Constitution, Hindi is written in Devanagari script. English is the second official language of India.