Hooghly was also the first English settlement (1651) in Lower Bengal; it was abandoned in 1690 for Calcutta (now Kolkata). Chinsurah was an important 17th-century settlement of the Dutch, who built a factory (trading station) there in 1656.
What is the old name of Calcutta?
Although the city’s name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.
Who gave the British the first Farman?
Mughal emperor Jahangir granted a farman to Captain William Hawkins permitting the English to erect a factory at Surat in 1613. In 1615, Thomas Roe, the Ambassador to James I, got an imperial farman from Jahangir to trade and establish factories all across the Mughal empire.
Where was the Dutch factory in India?
Option B) Masulipatam – In 1602, the United archipelago company of European nations was formed and given permission by the Dutch government to exchange archipelago including India. The Dutch founded their first factory in Masulipatnam in the state Andhra Pradesh in 1605. Thus, this is the correct answer.
Why did Britishers leave India?
One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.
Who was the first English factory setup?
The “first English factory” was setup in India in “January 1613” in “Surat”. The rights for setting up a factory were given through a treaty signed by Mughal emperor, Jahagir after the impressive display of warfare by the English in the battle of Swally.