In the history of independent India, a state of emergency has been declared thrice. The first instance was between 26 October 1962 to 10 January 1968 during the India-China war, when “the security of India” was declared as being “threatened by external aggression”.
WHO declared first emergency in India?
After a quick question regarding a procedural matter, President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed declared a state of internal emergency upon the prime minister’s advice on the night of 25 June 1975, just a few minutes before the clock struck midnight.
In which article of Indian Constitution are the emergency provisions mentioned?
Emergency Provisions are contained in Part Eighteen of the Constitution of India. The President of India has the power to impose emergency rule in any or all the Indian states if the security of part or all of India is threatened by “war or external aggression or armed rebellion”.
When a financial emergency is proclaimed?
Under Article 360 of the Indian Constitution President can impose financial emergency if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen due to which financial stability or credit of India or any part of it is in danger. The proclamation must be approved by both the houses of Parliament within two months of its issue.
In what ways was the emergency period a setback to Indian democracy?
There was a violation of human rights, and the fundamental rights were suspended. There were instances of arbitrary detention and torture. A large number of political leaders who opposed Indira were put in jail. Press censorship and forced sterilization brought discontent among the people of the country.
What are the 7 emergency services?
- Police — law enforcement, criminal investigation, and maintenance of public order. …
- Fire and Rescue Services — firefighting, hazardous materials response, EMS response and technical rescue. …
- EMS — emergency medical services and technical rescue.
How many times has emergency been declared in India?
National emergency under Article 352
Such an emergency was declared in India in 1962 war (China war), 1971 war (Pakistan war), and 1975 internal disturbance (declared by Indira Gandhi).
What does Article 356 say?
Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to Constitutional provisions, the Union government can take direct control of the state machinery.
What is Article 360 emergency India?
360. (1) If the President is satisfied that a situation has arisen whereby the financial stability or credit of India or of any part of the territory thereof is threatened, he may by a Proclamation make a declaration to that effect.
What is the Article 360?
Grounds of declaration: Article 360 empowers the president to proclaim a Financial Emergency if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen due to which the financial stability or credit of India or any part of its territory is threatened.
Is Article 19 suspended during emergency?
The employees of the LIC challenged the constitutional validity of the above Act. The Supreme Court held that the effect of proclamation of Emergency on fundamental rights is that the rights guaranteed by Article 14 and 19 are not suspended during the emergency but only their operation is suspended.
How can the fundamental rights be suspended?
The suspension of the right to move to any court for the enforcement of fundamental right can only be done by the order of the President of India. The President in his order will mention the right whose enforcement will be suspended. … Thus under Article 358 and Article 359, the fundamental right can be suspended.
What are the reasons for financial emergency?
Grounds of Declaration of financial emergency:
The President of India proclaims the Financial Emergency under Article 360 of the Constitution, when he is satisfied that the financial stability or credit of India or of any part of the territory thereof is threatened.
What are the four pillars of democracy?
Mentioning the four pillars of democracy- the Legislature, Executive, Judiciary and the Media, Shri Naidu said that each pillar must act within its domain but not lose sight of the larger picture.
What is MISA in emergency?
The Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA) was a controversial law passed by the Indian parliament in 1971 giving the administration of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Indian law enforcement agencies very broad powers – indefinite preventive detention of individuals, search and seizure of property without …