What are India’s main geographical features?
The physical features of India can be divided into six categories, depending on their geological features:
- The Himalayan Mountains.
- The Northern Plains.
- Indian Desert.
- Peninsular Plateau.
- Coastal Plains.
What were the geographical features of ancient India?
The land of South Asia is dominated by three main types of physical features. Mountains, rivers, and the massive triangular-shaped peninsula of India. 50 or 60 million years ago India slowly smashed into Asia and formed the Himalaya and Hindu Kush Mountains that nearly block off India from the surrounding area.
What are the four geographical features of India?
The Indian mainland has been broadly divided into four geographical areas: the Northern Mountains or the Himalayan region; the great Northern Plains; the Deccan Peninsula; the coastal plains and Islands.
What is the important geographic features of the Indian subcontinent?
The Indian subcontinent has three physiographic components: the Himalayas in the north, the Indo-Gangetic Alluvial Plain in the middle and the Peninsula of Precambrian rocks with younger cover in the south.
Who named India?
The name “India” is originally derived from the name of the river Sindhu (Indus River) and has been in use in Greek since Herodotus (5th century BCE). The term appeared in Old English as early the 9th century and reemerged in Modern English in the 17th century.
What is the main feature of India?
The Peninsular Plateau defines the physical features of India. It is mainly composed of old igneous, crystalline, and metamorphic rocks and is also one of the oldest landmasses.
The Peninsular Plateau.
|Western Ghats||Eastern Ghats|
|Their average elevation is 900– 1600 metres||Their average elevation is 600 metres|
What are the unique features of ancient India?
Ancient Indians had a well-developed concept of water harvesting. Grand Anicut, which is also known as ‘Kallanai dam’, is the fourth oldest in the world. It is also one of the oldest dams in working condition. An artificial lake called ‘Sudarshana’ was built by the Mauryas during 320 B.C.
What are the geographical features of ancient China?
Perhaps the two most important geographical features of Ancient China were the two major rivers that flowed through central China: the Yellow River to the north and the Yangtze River to the south. These major rivers were a great source of fresh water, food, fertile soil, and transportation.
What were the elements of ancient Indian society?
Society became divided into four classes (the Varnas) popularly known as `the caste system’ which were comprised of the Brahmana at the top (priests and scholars), the Kshatriya next (the warriors), the Vaishya (farmers and merchants), and the Shudra (laborers).
How many parts is India divided into?
India is divided into 28 States (further subdivided into districts) and 8 union territories including the National capital territory (i.e., Delhi). India’s borders run a total length of 15,200 km (9,400 mi).
Which physical feature of India is densely populated?
The plains of the Ganga and the Indus, about 2,400 km long and 240 to 320 km broad, are formed by basins of three distinct river systems – the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra. They are one of the world’s greatest stretches of flat alluvium and also one of the most densely populated areas on the earth.
Why India has different physical features?
If you live in the plains you are familiar with the vast stretches of plain land. In contrast, if you live in hilly region, the rugged terrain with mountains and valleys are common features. … India is a large landmass formed during different geological periods which has influenced her relief.