Government of India Act 1858 provided that India was to be governed directly and in the name of the crown. This act abolished the company rule, abolished the Court of directors and abolished the Board of control. This act abolished the Dual Government introduced by the Pitt’s India act.
What are the important features of the Indian Government Act 1858?
Government of India Act, 1858 was passed to end the rule of company and transferred it to the British crown which was the outcome of 1857 revolt. The British Governor-General of India was given the title of viceroy who became the representative of the monarch.
What was the important change brought by the Government of India Act of 1858 in the field of administration?
British Parliament brought the Government of India Act, 1858, which made the following changes: i. Transferred powers from the East India Company to the Crown. … A member of British Parliament was made secretary of state of India to exercise powers on behalf of the Crown and was responsible to the British Parliament.
What did the Government of India Act do?
Government of India Acts, succession of measures passed by the British Parliament between 1773 and 1935 to regulate the government of India. The act of 1813 broke the company’s trade monopoly and allowed missionaries to enter British India. …
Who became responsible for the matters related to governance of India according to the new Act of 1858?
The British Parliament passed a new Act in 1858 and transferred the powers of the East India Company to the British Crown (royal family). A member of the British Cabinet was appointed Secretary of State for India, and made responsible for all matters related to the governance of India.
What changes did the 1861 Act?
The Indian Councils Act 1861 restored the power of legislation to the governor-in-councils of Madras and Bombay in respective matters. The act also laid down the provision for the formation of legislative councils in other provinces. With the Indian Councils Act for the first time Portfolio system started.
What were the changes after 1857?
After the revolt of 1857, The Government of India Act of 1858 transferred the control of India from the East India Company to the Crown. Now power to govern India was vested in the Crown through the Secretary of State who was responsible to the British Parliament.
Why was 1857 mutiny not a success?
The revolt of 1857 suffered from a weak leadership. It was not planned and organized. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead it was confined to the Northern and Central India.
What was the Government of India Act What did it mean for Indians?
They were created with the aim of appeasing Indian nationalism and preventing India’s eventual independence. … The Government of India Act (1919) established a bicameral legislative parliament for all British India, but without the power to restrain the Viceroy’s executive.
What was the Government of India Act popularly known as?
Government of India Act, 1919 also known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which came into force in 1921 . It was instituted in the British Indian polity to introduce the Diarchy, i.e., rule of two which means executive councilors and popular ministers.
Which is the biggest act in India?
The main contract law in India is codified in the Indian Contract Act, which came into effect on 1 September 1872 and extends to all India. It governs entrance into contract, and effects of breach of contract.