What are the mounds in Georgia?
NRHP reference No. Etowah Indian Mounds (9BR1) are a 54-acre (220,000 m2) archaeological site in Bartow County, Georgia south of Cartersville, in the United States. Built and occupied in three phases, from 1000–1550 AD, the prehistoric site is located on the north shore of the Etowah River.
What were Indian mounds used for?
The earliest mounds seem to have functioned both as public landmarks for seasonal gatherings and platforms for villages. Many of the shell mounds within the interior of the Southeast seem merely to have been piles of discarded freshwater mussel shells that marked the location of annual harvests and feasts.
What was the purpose of the mounds in the Etowah settlement?
They were a society rich in ritual. Towering over the community, the 63-foot earthen knoll was likely used as a platform for the home of the priest-chief. In another mound, nobility were buried in elaborate costumes accompanied by items they would need in their after-lives.
What are the three types of mounds?
North American archaeology
Native Americans built a variety of mounds, including flat-topped pyramids or cones known as platform mounds, rounded cones, and ridge or loaf-shaped mounds. Some mounds took on unusual shapes, such as the outline of cosmologically significant animals. These are known as effigy mounds.
Where in Georgia have Paleo Artifacts been found?
In Georgia, Paleoindian sites have been found on levees, terraces, upland boundaries, and in the uplands; these sites are typically small, low density camp sites, but some sites were intensively occupied for longer periods and/or were repeatedly occupied by visiting groups.
Where did Cherokee Indians live in Georgia?
The Cherokees occupied a common homeland in the southern Appalachian Mountains known in Georgia as the Blue Ridge, including much of the northern third of the land that would become Georgia.
Why did they build mounds?
Mounds were typically flat-topped earthen pyramids used as platforms for religious buildings, residences of leaders and priests, and locations for public rituals. In some societies, honored individuals were also buried in mounds.
What was the oldest prehistoric Indian civilization found in Georgia?
What was the oldest prehistoric Indian civilization found in Georgia? The Paleo Indians were the oldest found in both Georgia and on North America.
What did the Etowah Indians eat?
Archaeologists call these “mud & daub” structures. They were permanent, single family dwellings. Here you would have seen men and women going about their daily routine and heard children playing and smelled dinner cooking – corn, squash, beans, and roasting meats or fresh fish or mussels from the Etowah River.
How do you identify Indian burial mounds?
Native American burial grounds are typically identified by bone fragments and ancient artifacts found in the earth in an area where Native Americans may have lived. Burial grounds are sometimes destroyed in the process of modern construction, leading to protests and outrage that goes ignored by some companies.