Question: Who felt that British rule could civilize India?

James Mill, a Scottish economist and political philosopher of 19th century, thought the following about India. The Asian societies were at a lower level civilization than the British. Hindu and muslim despots ruled the country. British rule ,miller felt, could civilize India.

What was James Mill’s opinion about the British rule in India?

James Mill argued that Hindu and Muslim period of Indian history was characterised by backwardness, where people were imbued in superstitions, orthodoxy and social taboos. That period of history witnessed despotic rule. British rule according to Mill could bring about modernisation and progress in the country.

How did British rule benefit India?

The British view tended to portray British rule as a charitable exercise – they suffered India’s environment (eg climate, diseases) in order to bring to India good government and economic development (eg railways, irrigation, medicine). Modern admirers of British rule also note these benefits.

Who ruled India before British?

The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.

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How did Mill View India?

The sole purpose of Mill to state a view about India was to defend the reason behind British intervention in Indian affairs. According to him India was backward and had unacceptable culture. … He further organized the country into three eras and stated that India grew or made changes only in terms of religious practices.

How did British divided Indian history?

Answer: Historians divide the past into large segments—periods—that possess shared characteristics. In the middle of the nineteenth century British historians divided the history of India into three periods: “Hindu”, “Muslim” and “British“. … On the other hand, the modern past is followed by the medieval past.

Was India rich before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858)

Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. … With the Industrial Revolution it only boosted their wealth’s and helped with their trade efforts.

Why did Britain give up India?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.

What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?

The disadvantages were that they were subject to cholera, smallpox, and other diseases. Civil servants serving in India under the British East India Company died at twice the rate of those at home in England.

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Who is first king of India?

Ans: Chandragupta Maurya was the first king/ruler of Ancient India.

Who Ruled India most?

List of largest empires in India

Empire Approximate maximum extent (Area in km²) Approximate date of maximum extent
British Indian Empire 4,574,000 1911
Mughal Empire 4,000,000 1690
Maurya Empire 3,400,000–5,000,000 261 BC or 250 BC
Republic of India (for comparison) 3,287,263

Who named country India?

The official name of the Republic of India was derived from the Sanskrit name ‘Sindhu’ that referred to Indus River. By the time the Persians conquered both, the then Indian subcontinent and Greece in 5th century BCE, ‘Sindhu’ became ‘Hindus’ to mark the ‘land of Hindus’.

Who wrote History of British India?

Why was the division of Indian history by James Mill full of drawbacks?

Answer: James MIll divided his book into three period, namely: Hindu Muslims and British. … Thus the problem with the periodisation Indian history that James Mill offers is that the subjective account of a historian distorts the facts.

How did Mills divide Indian history?

In 1817, James Mill, a Scottish economist and political philosopher, published a massive three-volume work, A History of British India. In this he divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim and British. This periodisation came to be widely accepted.

Chants of India