Question: How did Portugal impact the Indian Ocean trade in the 16th and 17th centuries?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

Why were the Portuguese able to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean?

11. Why were the Portuguese able to establish fortified bases in the Indian Ocean region so quickly and easily? their ships could outgun and outmaneuver competing naval forces, while their onboard cannons could devastate coastal fortifications. … List some ways the Portuguese tried to dominate Indian Ocean trade.

What was Portugal’s strategy for controlling Indian Ocean trade?

Portugal’s intent in the ,”trading post empire”, was not to create a large territory but to control commerce down in the Indian Ocean, by using force of arms rather than economic competition.

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What did the Portuguese trade with India?

The Portuguese in India

By the year 1511, the Portuguese were in control of the spice trade of the Malabar coast of India and Ceylon. … In the 16th century, over half of Portugal’s state revenue came from West African gold and Indian pepper and other spices. The proportion of the spices greatly outweighed the gold.

How did Portugal transform the Atlantic Ocean?

The westernmost country in Europe, Portugal was the first to significantly probe the Atlantic Ocean, colonizing the Azores and other nearby islands, then braving the west coast of Africa. … Portugal would establish ports as far west as Brazil, as far east as Japan, and along the coasts of Africa, India and China.

What two things set the terms of trade in the Indian Ocean?

Because they had money to build ships unlike most other. Who set the terms of trade on the Indian Ocean? Merchants and by the demands of the market.

What did Aden trade in the Indian Ocean trade?

After they arrived in Aden, they were taken to Africa, Europe and the rest of the Arab world. The commodities imported into India included incense, Arabian horses, gold and dry fruits, among other products.

What was Portugal’s strategy for controlling Indian Ocean trade quizlet?

What was Portugal’s strategy for controlling Indian Ocean trade? Controlling key ports and areas along the trade routes. How did the Russian kingdom expand to become one of the largest land empires in the early modern period? The Russians headed to Siberia, where they encountered and conquered nomadic peoples.

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What was Portugal’s primary goal in the Indian Ocean trade?

While following the same south-westerly route as Gama across the Atlantic Ocean, Cabral made landfall on the Brazilian coast—the territory that he recommended Portugal settle. Portugal’s purpose in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade.

Which were the Portuguese colonies in India?

Portuguese India consisted of several isolated tracts: (1) the territory of Goa with the capital, a considerable area in the middle of the west coast of India; (2) Damão, or Daman, with the separated territories of Dadrá and Nagar Haveli, north of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) and lying between the Indian states of …

Why did Portuguese fail in India?

The Portuguese administration in India was very corrupt. The salaries of the officers were very low and they did not feel any hesitation to accept bribes from any quarter. The bulk of the Portuguese officers were selfish. … The result was that by slow degrees the Portuguese Empire in India disappeared.

Who controlled the spice trade in the Indian Ocean before the Portuguese?

In subsequent struggles to gain control of the trade, Portugal was eventually eclipsed, after more than a century as the dominant power. By the 19th century, British interests were firmly rooted in India and Ceylon, while the Dutch were in control of the greater part of the East Indies.

Who defeated Portuguese in India?

In 1961, the Indian army invaded the state after the Portuguese fired at Indian fishing boats, killing one fisherman. After 36 hours of air, sea and land strikes by the army, General Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva, governor general of Goa, signed the “instrument of surrender”, handing over Goan territory to India.

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